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Pelargonium Species


panda flower 2

The Pelargonium species comprises of about 200 or more perennials, succulents and shrubs.

The Pelargonium species are equally as appealing as their cultivated varieties, zonals, regals and ivy leafed and can be captivating and intriguing plants. They are reasonably easy to grow and rarely have any problems with pests and diseases.

They have become more admired over the centuries because of their delightful perfumed flowers and aromatic scented leaves.They have also gained popularity in the production of aromatic oils and also medicinal properties.

Pelargoniums are generally known as Geraniums but were later classed as two individual groups in 1789 by Charles L Heritier. The word pelargonium is derived from t
he Greek word “pelargospineapple p flower water mark websmall” meaning stork because the seed head resembles that of a stork.

The first known pelargoniums to be cultivated in Europe was the P.triste, a tuberous rooted plant which could withstand long voyages by ship.

Thousands of cultivated varieties of pelargoniums selected for their desirable characteristics, were originally from a few native species which may still exist in South Africa to this day.

Pelargonium Species World is a Mother and Daughter family business which specializes in Species Pelargoniums situated in a mountainous area of Crete, Greece with the natural beauty of the fauna and Flora.

We are working together with nature and wildlife, all our plants are grown naturally in a natural environment with no chemicals, pesticides or fungicides.

All our seeds are fresh and are carefully picked by hand.  Please visit my website at www.pelargoniumspeciesworld.com

 

Pelargonium scabrum and other lemon scented species

pelargonium scabrum

Pelargonium scabrum is a charming pelargonium that has strong lemon-scented leaves with quite a rough texture & rhomboidal in shape. The flowers are white but can also be pink with purple markings on the upper petals and each flowering stalk contains about six flowers. It is an upright branching shrub that grows to about 100 cm /39 inches in height native to the Western Cape, Northern Cape and Eastern Cape where it grows in dry, rocky and coastal areas which has summer and winter rainfall.
The name ‘scabrum’ is derived from the Latin meaning having a raised texture, this refers to the leaves of this plant which is covered in rough hairs. Ideal for pots, tubs, fragrant gardens, rock gardens and succulent gardens. This plant prefers dry sandy loam soil conditions (PH. Acid/neutral) in full sun. It differs from the other strongly scented Pelargonium citronellum below by its larger leaves which are palmate in shape with pointed lobes and is also taller than P. scabrum reaching a height of 2 m. The flowers are also larger in size and purplish-pink in colour with darker markings on the upper petals. It is native to the Western Cape where it grows near streams or on hillsides.

pelargonium citronellum

Another lemon-scented pelargonium is P. crispum below which also has rough leaves but are much smaller in size with crisped margins. It is an upright plant that grows to about 70 cm /28 inches in height with large pink flowers and darker markings on the upper petals which shows some likeness to P. hermanniifolium.

Pelargonium vitifolium below has a somewhat lemony balm scent on the leaves, which resembles a vine leaf in shape with stiff hairs and are rough to the touch. It is a large upright shrub with coarsely toothed heart-shaped leaves, this shrub can grow quite large and may take over quite a wide area if not pruned in a Mediterranean type climate, it can also survive for short periods of frost or snow when fully grown.

Pelargonium species flower variations

Pelargonium grossularioides- fruit scented leaf

The pelargonium species are not only admired for their wide variety of leaf shapes, scents and floral colours but also for their flower and petal shapes.
Some types can vary and there are numerous differences in shape, size, nectar tube length and the number of petals.
Some have long oblong petals like that of P. grossularioides left, a fruit scented leaf pelargonium, the flowers of this species tend to be small in size, up to about 10 mm across and form a compact inflorescence of many short flower stalks, like an umbel. The upper petals have dark purple markings and very thin flower stalks. It is a low spreading plant with kidney-shaped leaves that are similar in appearance to a gooseberry leaf.

The purplish-pink flower petals of Pelargonium denticulatum below are also quite oblong but are not so elongated, the upper petal also bends back sightly and the lower petals are slightly smaller in size. Dark red or purple markings are visible on the upper petals, whereas the lower petals contain three petal claws (narrow stalks at the base of the segment). Each flower stalk contains up to six flowers, It is a low growing shrub with dark green sticky finely divided leaves.

Pelargonium denticulatium

The strong lemony balm scented pelargonium vitifolium below has two large upper petals with dark reddish-purple markings and three oblong lower petals with purple veins, at about 15 mm across and appears lighter at the centre. Each flowering stalk contains up to ten pink to light purplish-pink flowers and its leaves resemble that of a vine leaf. This plant is a large upright shrub with coarsely toothed heart-shaped leaves.

Pelargonium vitifolium

The flowers of Pelargonium cucullatum below have large ovate shaped upper petals, narrower at the base with purplish-pink markings & veins, the lower petals are slightly smaller and narrower with lighter pink veins. Each flower is 4 cm across and the flowering stalk contains about five flowers. It is an upright branching slightly woody shrub with rounded toothed leaves that tilt upwards forming a cup shape.

Pelargonium inquinans has red scarlet flowers but also has other colours such as light pink, salmon and white. The flower petals are more rounded and all appear the same size but the two upper petals are slightly smaller and upward, whereas the three lower petals are more equally spaced. The inflorescence contains an array of five to thirty flowers. It is an upright branching shrub with light green heart-shaped leaves with a velvety texture that is covered by glandular hairs.

Pelargonium inquinans

These flowers listed here are mostly pollinated by bees but others have different sized nectar tubes for various insects to pollinate them, such as beetles, moths, wasps, flies and various bee types that have long tongues.

Love, Lust & Passion in Greek mythology

Love, Lust and Passion in Greek mythology is a new book available on Amazon, it covers the loves, romances, abductions, devious enticements and shape shifting of the three Olympian gods Zeus, Aphrodite and Dionysus, containing 73 illustrations by the Author taken from ancient/old statues, paintings and vases.

The Myths begin with the powerful and almighty Zeus, king of the gods who was known for his devious pursing of beautiful women and occasionally young men of both goddesses and mortals. Several of his abductions took place
in the form of an eagle when he would snatch them away in his large talons to a remote place or an island.
The second is Aphrodite the goddess of love who had many love affairs of both gods and mortals, for she admired their beauty and was unhappy with her marriage that was arranged by her father almighty Zeus. Her husband Hephaestus created a girdle for her that made her irresistible to all men, using it to her advantage.

The third is Dionysus, the god of the grapevine, a love child of Semele and Zeus who was pursued endlessly and driven crazy by Hera in his youth. The deity took part in festivities, merriment and drunkenness with his devoted followers and like his father he also pursued after the breathtaking beauties of both men and women.

The stories in this book are taken from the original Greek myths, some are poetical like that of Nicaea, a hunter nymph and follower of Artemis, the young shepherd Hymnos fell in love with her conquered by the intensifying emotions of infatuated love, as his cattle was left roaming and he only sees the overall beauty and roundness of the girls face. He trembled in fear to confirm his warm affections of love, but she only mocked him with spiteful and pitiless words. He goes on to confess his love to the huntress “Aye do your worst & hurl your beloved spear at me! So I may depart from this world, escaping the torments of loves intensifying emotions & the fire that burns in my heart! I will die as loves willing carrion by sweet fate!” She kills him with her arrow and showed no feelings of remorse, yet the nymphs were overwhelmed by deep sorrow and the gods get their revenge as Dionysus becomes inflamed with passion by Eros’s arrow of love.

Dionysus then felt a strong yearning for the beautiful nymph “I am here Nicaea, admiring your form, for you have lent your beauty to the flowers that surround me and as I gaze upon the enchanting rose beds I recognise your cheeks, as your delicate rose, is always in bloom and you are also rooted in the soil as a blushing anemone that does not fade, when I turn my eye to the lily & I see your snowy arm, then when I glance upon the iris, I see the rich dark shade of your hair”.

When she shows no interest and mocks him, Dionysus deceives her into drinking from his fountain of wine.

Europa- from a painting by Guido Reni

In one myth, Europa was the Sister of King Phoenix (or his daughter stated in the poem the Iliad). Zeus watched her infascination, as she was seated beside her attendants and companions, happily chattering amongst them. She was a princess of exquisite beauty, sweet nature and charm who touched the very heart of the mighty Zeus, recognizing her beauty more than all the others within her circle. He thought up a cunning plan to fool and seduce her by turning himself into a white bull of great splendour and gentleness while blending in with the other cattle on her
Father’s estate. The next day Europa was collecting flowers by the coast with her companions when the magnificent white bull came up to her, he was so tame & gentle that she could stroke his head, his back and the sides of his flanks without fear so that he might secure her friendship and trust.
The princess and her companions placed flowers all around the bulls head and horns while stroking and caressing him, he knelt down and Europa got up upon his back. She clung onto his horns while he starts to trot towards the shore, as Europa unable to dismount hangs on with all her might as he
swam his way, swiftly through the seas until he reaches the Island of Crete. Here he takes her to his birthplace the Cave Diktean Andron where he transforms himself into his original form and offers her a stunning necklace created by the god Hephaestus, followed by a bronze automaton Talos
who circles the island three times a day to guard her against intruders, A hound called Laelaps who always catches his prey while hunting and a magical Javelin which always hit its target. He also offers her the gift of immortality & she becomes the first Cretan Queen and the symbol of all of
Europe.

Psyche- the goddess of the soul- from a sculpture by Bertel Thorvaldson

Psyche is also a lovely story- Psyche is a princess of royal birth and the youngest of two Sisters, later becoming the goddess of the soul. Her Miraculous stunning beauty not only caused jealously among her sisters but also attracted masses of people, communities, nations and priests who all began to worship her instead of the goddess of love Aphrodite. They would come from far and wide just to admire her beauty and when she walked down the street, people who saw her would throw flowers upon her & cover her with wreaths, neglecting the statues and
altars of Aphrodite. This outraged the goddess who wanted to punish her for her fame &
admired worshippers, assigning Eros her son to put a love spell upon her so that she would fall deeply in love with the most hideous creature on earth, yet falls in love with her himself.

But Psyche was extremely unhappy with her life and never wished to be admired and worshipped for her beauty, feeling utterly depressed and alone. Her Father noticed this and so goes to the oracles for guidance who told him his daughter must wed the most violent & brutal serpent monster high up on the cliffs. During the wedding ceremony she was instead guided by Eros & the West wind to his abode of magnificent splendour in the woods. He hides his true identity and only comes to her during the night. Her Sisters grew jealous and tricked her into believing he was a monster and to reveal his true form.

“As darkness falls and her husband again comes to her bed, she made sure he was asleep before removing the outer cover of the lamp, she turned to look at him with the sharp blade in her hand but instead of seeing an evil monster she saw a beautiful radiant youth Eros the god of love, she sat beside him and began to stroke his golden locks releasing a scent of ambrosia and his white feathery wings began to glow”.

with this betrayal he left and she was pursued endlessly by Aphrodite.

Aphrodite and Anchises- from a painting by William Blake Richmond

In another Greek myth – Zeus, during his years of torment & strong desires caused by Aphrodite’s continuous wearing of the magic girdle, longed for revenge, so he calls for Eros the god of love to bewitch her with his love induced arrows, so she would fall deeply in love with the mortal Anchises, a Trojan prince. After the bewitchment, the goddess goes to Paphos in Cyprus to purify herself with sweet-smelling perfumes and is bathed by the graces who anoint her with
heavenly floral oils until she is glowing with exceptional beauty. Aphrodite then makes her way to the countryside keeping herself hidden while watching the stunningly handsome godlike youth from afar as he herds cattle on the lower pastures of mount Ida (now in Turkey) and when he finishes his task, he goes into his herder’s hut and plays a joyful tune on his lyre. Aphrodite with an intensifying passion in her heart goes to visit him there while portraying herself as a mortal & virginal maiden. Anchises is immediately taken in by her mesmerising beauty and glowing garments of elaborate gold details but can clearly see that she is a goddess or an immortal being of some kind and is suspicious. But she assures him that she is a Princess from the kingdom of Phrygia, central Anatolia and was given to him as a gift by the god Hermes as a potential
bride. Anchises who is utterly convinced that she speaks the truth is immediately overcome with desire and passion for the lovely maiden princess and so took her to his bed, removing her elaborate golden brooches, earrings and necklaces, then unbinding her girdle and removing her robes, carefully placing them upon a chair trimmed with silver. Aphrodite has a child by him called Aenens who was brought up by the nymphs of the surrounding mountains.

Love, lust and passion in Greek mythology book 1- Zeus, Aphrodite and Dionysus is available to buy at Amazon.

Paperback and hardcover https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B09GJKK7CD

The Beautiful flowers of the pelargonium echinatum

Pelargonium echinatum

Pelargonium echinatum has an exquisitely beautiful inflorescence of 3-8 large white flowers with bright red markings on the upper petals, arranged in an umbel shape which is winter flowering, also ranging in colour from pink to dark purple. The leaves are heart-shaped with greyish green leaves which have scalloped margins, in Summer this plant loses its leaves and absorbs the sunlight through its stems. It is a succulent low growing shrub native to the Northern Cape and Western Cape where it grows on a stony and rocky areas on cliffs or slopes.
The name ‘echinatum’ is derived from the Latin meaning covered in sharp-pointed stipules, a small leaflike appendage usually at the base of the petiole stalk. Ideal for pots but prefers hot dry conditions in Summer and requires little watering during that period. In its natural habitat, it can withstand temperatures up to 40 c and can live up to 20 years.

Pelargonium species with elegant white flowers

Pelargonium odoratissimum-apple scented leaf

The classical and elegant white flowers of the pelargonium species can look just as stunning in the garden as the other colour varieties especially when grown together to add colour and fragrance. They can also stand out against the green leaves of various shades, textures & shapes.
Pelargonium odoratissimum is especially a lovely low growing plant, not only because of its delightful white flowers with tiny purple blotches on the upper petals but also for its strong apple-scented rounded velvety crinkled leaves which grow well in medium-sized pots. It is similar to the Pelargonium album which means ‘white flowers’ in Latin to which the leaf stems are semi-succulent like that of P. odoratissimum although the leaves have a more minty apple fragrance. They grow well in shady mixed with other plants in a border. View on website

Pelargonium tomentosum-mint scented leaf

Pelargonium tomentosum has attractive clusters of small white flowers with bright purple markings on the upper petals arranged on long flower stalks, the leaves have a soft velvety texture with a peppermint fragrance, they grow well as ground cover, in pots or planted in the garden but prefer shade in hot climates. It is native to the Western Cape and the leaves can be used in baking. Pictured left

Pelargonium grandifolium pictured below has attractive large creamy white flowers with dark reddish markings on the upper petals and bluish green digitate leaves with a waxy texture. It is a slightly woody shrub native to South Western and Western Cape which is ideal as a border plant in a rock garden or grown in a pot. The name grandifolium means ‘large flower’ and was brought to Kew Gardens in the late 1700s by Francis Masson during his travels to South Africa. Pictured below right.

Pelargonium grandifolium

Pelargonium abrotanifolium has small dainty white flowers and purple markings on the upper petals with lovely feathery deeply divided greyish-green leaves which are aromatic. It is native to a large area of the Western Cape towards the Eastern Cape, of South Africa. This plants name is derived from the Latin meaning ‘Southern-wood leaves’ which refers to its likeness to the leaves of Artemisia abrotanum, a shrub, also connected to the Greek goddess Artemis the goddess of the hunt. Ideal growing with other low growing plants in the garden or in a medium-sized pot, pictured below.

Pelargonium abrotanifolium
Pelargonium scabrum-lemon scented leaf

Pelargonium scabrum has white or pink flowers with purple markings on the upper petals. A pretty pelargonium with lemon scented rhomboidal rough leaves. The name ‘scabrum’ is derived from the Latin meaning having a raised texture. It is native to the Western Cape, Northern Cape and Eastern Cape. Ideal for pots, fragrant gardens, rock gardens and succulent gardens. pictured below

view on website

Pelargonium mollicomum is a graceful plant with creamy white flowers and thin purple lines on the upper petals. This plant has a slightly exotic appearance with pineapple scented light green leaves, its name is derived from the Latin meaning soft hairs. It is native to the Eastern Cape and is ideal for fragrant gardens, window boxes, pots or hanging baskets. Pictured below, view on website

Pelargonium mollicomum-pineapple scented leaf

The flowers of Pelargonium peltatum are very attractive and can range in colour from white, pale pink to pale purple. The leaves are slightly succulent, rounded and fleshy with a light fragrance, resembling an ivy leaf. It is a trailing plant native to the Eastern and Western cape of South Africa which is ideal for hanging baskets, pots and planted next to other shrubs or trees, the leaves and petals have medical properties. pictured below

Pelargonium exstpulatum is a charming pelargonium with white flowers and dark reddish markings, the two upper petals are joined together and the lower is shaped like a spoon. The leaves have a sweet/spicy scent which are rhomboid and grey-green in colour. It is native to South Africa in the Southern Cape, in areas of the Klein Karoo and the Little Karoo. Ideal for pots or rock gardens in dry environments. pictured below

For more information on the Pelargonium species please visit our website at pelargonium species world

Pelargonium exstipulatum

Pelargonium denticulatum and its elegant leaf forms

This charming bushy shrub that favours slightly damp conditions usually under trees for shade in hot Mediterranean climates, has pinkish purple flowers with red or pink markings on the upper petals. The leaves are balsam scented, sticky and finely divided which is very similar to its cultivated form Pelargonium filicifolium, a cultivar where the leaves are more delicately finely divided and look very much like a fern in appearance. The flowers can also be quite unique to which the upper petals are split and look as if they are four petals, with reddish markings. Although it is believed that this form doesn’t flower so well as the P. denticulatum.

pelargonium filicifolium

Pelargonium radens also shows some similarities to pelargonium denticualtum, especially its leaf form, which has rose/lemon scented greyish green finely divided triangular leaves, but not quite as fine as P. denticulatum.

P. radens also has a somewhat softer texture, than p. denticulatum which tends to be more sticky. It also doesn’t have a bushy growth and prefers to trail though succulents and under taller plants.

pelargonium radens


P. Radens was originally called P. radula, but after much disarray of plant names during the late 1700s it was changed to P. denticulatum by Moore in the mid 1900s.

In modern times P. Radula is a hybrid derived from P. graveolens. This plant has deeply divided leaves with ragged edges and a rose/lemon scent. The flowers are small, light purple in colour with dark reddish purple on the upper petals.

Pelargonium radula leaf
Pelargonium radens leaf

Subtle pinks-Pelargonium species with light to dark pink flowers

pelargonium longicaule

Pelargonium longicaule- butterfly bush

A  striking & elegant pelargonium with long stems, dark green deeply divided leaves &  white to pale pink flowers that resemble a butterfly on long peduncles  also known as the butterfly bush. Pelargonium longicaule is a low growing  slightly woody  trailing shrub-let with long stems that grow up to 50 cm (20 inches) and the dark green divided leaves have a reddish tint. The name longicaule is derived from the Latin word ‘longus’ meaning long and ‘caulis’ meaning stem , this refers to the long stems of this plant. It prefers sandy loam soil conditions in full sun to part shade and is ideal for hanging baskets, window boxes and small-medium sized pots.

Pelargonium quercifolium

Pelargonium quercifolium-oak leaf pelargonium

A delightful pelargonium that has particularly attractive oak leaf shaped balsam scented leaves, the flowers are light to dark pink with dark purple markings on the upper petals & each flowering stalk has about 2-6 flowers.  P. quercifolium is a tall upright branching shrub which grows to about 150 cm/59 inches in height and can grow in different soil conditions. The name “quercifolium” is derived from the Latin word “ quercus”meaning oak tree. The leaves are used for essential oil and for herbal remedies, it is ideal for fragrant gardens,rock gardens,large pots and containers.

pelargonium cucullatum-cup shaped pelargonium

Pelargonium cucullatum- cup shaped leaves

A tough pelargonium with particularly large pinkish purple flowers that are slightly fragrant with dark purple markings which can attract bees, moths, birds and butterflies. Cucullatum is a tall upright branching slightly woody pelargonium that grows to 200 cm (78 inches) in height.  The rounded toothed leaves tilt upwards forming a cup shape & some variations are scented and release a pleasant sweet fragrance when crushed, It originates from South Africa in the Western Cape where it grows in sandy coastal areas. Best planted in the garden in a sheltered place or in Large pots.

Pelargonium  graveolens L’Her

Pelargonium  graveolens L’Her- rose geranium

A beautiful pelargonium  which is  believed to be a cross between graveolens x radens and is often used for rose oil in perfume, soap and also toothpaste. It has pale pink  flowers with thin purple lines on the upper petals & each flowering stalk has about 1-7 flowers.  P. Graveolens L’ Her is an up right  shrub with a spreading growth often trailing  along the ground and up walls to reach towards the light  and prefers slightly sandy soil conditions in semi shade. It is ideal for fragrant gardens, rock gardens,or pots.

pelargonium zonale

Pelargonium zonale-inflorescence of bright pink flowers

 A striking pelargonium with an inflorescence of about 50 very bright pink flowers,  The leaves are circular in shape with rounded teeth usually with a brown or dark purple zone in the centre. P. zonale is an upright scrambling shrub let which grows to about 100 cm/39 inches in height and grows in most soil conditions  in full sun to part shade.

Best planted in the garden or grown in medium to large sized pots, The botanical name Zonale refers to the dark zone on the centre of the leaf and originates from a wide area of the Eastern  Cape Province.

Pelargonium capitatum

Pelargonium capitatum- rose scented pelargonium

The scented leaf pelargoniums such as P. Captatum were greatly admired by the Victorians who included them in bouquets, pot pourri, flavouring deserts and also in jellies & cakes.  P. Capitatum has strong rose scented ovate crinkled leaves with a soft texture.  Flowers are usually 15 mm across and each head has about 10-20 flowers mauve pink in colour. Essential oils are extracted from its leaves &  are often used in skin care and perfumes. It originates from South Africa  in sandy areas & grows to a low shrub about 100 cm in height which is ideal for a medium to large pot or planted in the garden.

pelargonium denticulatum

Pelargonium denticulatum-tooth leaved pelargonium

 This is a pelargonium of exceptional  delicacy & charm, it has pinkish purple flowers with red or pink markings on the upper petals & each flowering stalk has about 3-6  flowers. The dark green sticky triangular finely divided leaves are balsam scented,  it is a low growing shrub which reaches to about 150 cm/59 inches in height and prefers most soil conditions and can also grow in slightly damp areas. The name “denticulatum” is derived from the Latin word meaning small teeth referring to the sharp pointed teeth along the edge of the leaves. It is ideal for larger pots, planted in the garden, fragrant gardens or near water features.

View on the Pelargonium species world website-https://www.pelargoniumspeciesworld.com/page13.html

Greek Style salad with Pelargonium graveolens,cherry tomatoes & feta cheese

This healthy & spicy salad filled with cos lettuce, cherry tomatoes, black olives, feta, pelargonium graveolens leaves and herbs make
a refreshing side dish to enjoy with your meal,
The sweetness of the cherry tomatoes, aromatic flavour of the herbs, as well as the tangy fruity taste of the feta and black olives
creates a beneficial & nutritious dish filled with delicious
vegetables and greens.

Ingredients 4 servings


125g cherry tomatoes, cut in half
1 cos lettuce, leaves removed and ripped into small pieces
I red onion cut into small wedges
3-4 leaves of pelargonium graveolens, finely chopped
Finely chopped herbs- basil, oregano and mint
Salt and pepper to taste
80g Black olives
12g chopped Walnuts or pine nuts
180g of feta cheese, cut into small cubes
A sprinkle of red wine vinegar
80g of olive oil
1 cucumber, cut into thin slices and cut in half
Tinned Anchovies in olive oil optional

To prepare
First remove the lettuce leaves and wash them thoroughly, drying them well with kitchen roll. Then rip the leaves and arrange them on a salad dish.

Add the cherry tomatoes, black olives and cucumber, then blend the ingredients together with your hands or with salad tongs, sprinkle over the herbs and pelargonium leaves
making sure all the mixture is well blended.

Cut the feta into small cubes and place them around the dish,
sprinkle with oregano followed by red wine vinegar and olive
oil.

You can also choose to add a few leaves of batavia lettuce,
beetroot, green peppers or mix with pasta.

The Pelargonium blandfordianum hybrid and its related cultivars

pelargonium blandfordianum

Pelargonium blandfordianum is a lovely pelargonium with deeply incised grayish leaves which are fragrant with a scent of rose and white flowers with reddish blotches on the under petals.
It is believed to be a hybrid between P. radula and P. quinquevulnereum. There are a few variations of this plant, ‘album’ refers to the white flowered form and ‘roseum’ to the rose pink flowered form
which has a distinct rosy wormwood fragrance on the leaves.

This hybrid was developed during the early 1800s, introduced by George Spencer Churchill the Marquis of Blandford to which this plant derives its name. George Spencer was a keen and accomplished botanist while he resided at White knights park estate, a medieval manor which is now part of the university of Reading (white knights campus).
Here he became widely known for has large collection of rare and exotic plants from around the globe. Various species were also transported there from the royal gardens by order of the king. George took out a loan to expand and enhance his new estate, creating many new features, such as the ‘Chantilly garden’ which contained several conservatories possibly for tropical plants, a vineyard, bridges, a wide variety of trees, a botanical garden with a wide selection of unique plants, many from America, a wilderness and many seats, fountains, grotto’s and pavilions. Later the gardens fell into decline after George Spencer became bankrupt and his creditors set fire to his house in rage, the rest of the estate was sold off. But remains of the gardens was again found after the world wars.

photo by James Eggleton-unsplash.com

Pelargonium radula is a parent of the hybrid Pelargonium blandfordianum, it has decorative deeply incised leaves with a lemony rose fragrance and small pale pink flowers with dark purple markings on the upper petals. It has similar characteristics to P. graveolens which is closely related and possibly an equivalent to P. radens or a clone and also has a few forms with varied flower colours. The other parent is
Pelargonium quinquevulnereum

which was also believed to have been a hybrid, grown by Mr Armstrong who lived in Hampshire, that shares some similarities to Pelargonium graveolens.

Pelargonium radens is a tall upright shrub with delicate grey green finely divided leaves and light purple flowers with darker markings on the upper petals. The fragrance of the leaves are rose lemon scented and grows well in medium to large pots often growing beside other Plants.
Pelargonium graveolens has soft velvety triangular deeply incised leaves which have a somewhat rosy mint scent, a well known pelargonium since the 17th century in food and beverages, tea, potpourri and perfume.
Other hybrids related to Pelargonium radens or Pelargonium graveolens is P. ‘citrosum’ which has strong citronella lemon fragrance with pale pink flowers also known as the mosquito plant which is popular in the United States & Canada and is a cultivar of P. graveolens, also said to help deter mosquitoes.

P. ‘lady plymouth’ is a hybrid from the species
P. ‘graveolens’ with silver & cream leaves which
are variegated with a minty scent and light
purple flowers, there is also a similar cultivar
known as P ‘grey lady plymouth‘ with has grey
green leaves.
P. ‘Cinnamon rose’ has spicy cinnamon
scented leaves, and an upright growth with short
branches and pale purple flowers.
P. ‘Secret love’ is a eucalyptus scented leaf
pelargonium with light pink flowers showing
some characteristics to P. capitaum.
P. x melissinum is a cross between P. crispum
and P. graveolens which has large lemon balm
scented deeply cut leaves and pink flowers.

P. ‘rosemint’ has mint rose scented
leaves which are variegated and is used in
perfumes, showing some similarities to P.
lady plymouth.
P. ‘westerlund’ rose lemon scented leaf
close resembling that of P. graveolens.

Latest Pelargonium species & fresh seeds

Pelargonium  graveolens L’Her
Rose geranium
A beautiful pelargonium  which is  believed to be a cross between graveolens x radens and is often used for rose oil in perfume, soap and also toothpaste. It has pale pink  flowers with thin purple lines on the upper petals & each flowering stalk has about 1-7 flowers.  P. Graveolens L’ Her is an up right shrub with a spreading growth often trailing along the ground and up walls to reach towards the light  and prefers slightly sandy soil conditions in semi shade. It is ideal for fragrant gardens, rock gardens,or pots.

Pelargonium  ranunculophyllum
Horse shoe zoned pelargonium   
A lovely graceful pelargonium which has attractive rounded palmately lobed leaves with a reddish to deep purple zone (horse shoe mark) in the centre. The flowers are  narrow and white to pink sometimes with reddish  markings on the upper petals and pale orange to yellow pollen,  they are arranged on  long upright flowering stalks which  contains about 2-3 flowers. P. ranunculophyllum  is a low growing  plant  with long delicate stems   and  is smaller in size than P. alchemilloides  which has similar characteristics and with thinner stems.  It is native to the Eastern Cape where it grows in rocky sandstone or on mountainsides over 1000 m,  best grown in part shade in pots or planted in the garden and also combined with other plants.

Pelargonium  littorale
Pelargonium littorale Huegel
A graceful pelargonium with delicate pinkish stems and pale pink flowers  with dark purple markings on the upper petals & each flowering stalk contains 2-7 flowers. P. littorale is an upright low growing shrub which grows to about 10 – 50 cm in height and has heart shaped leaves. It is native to South West Australia  where it grows in coastal areas from the South Eastern corner to Geraldton in the North.  The name Littorale is derived from the Latin word ‘Littorlis” meaning shore (or grows close to the shore or littoral waters. Best planted in a small to medium sized pot or planted in the garden which is partly shaded by taller plants or rock garden.

New fresh seeds of Pelargonium mollicomum, pineapple scented leaf.
An attractive & graceful pelargonium with a slightly exotic appearance, it has creamy white flowers with thin purple lines on the upper petals & each flowering stalk has about 1-5 flowers. The light green rounded leaves are pineapple scented with a dark zone in the centre.  P. Mollicomum is a low growing shrub which reaches to about 50 cm/20 inches in height and prefers slightly sandy soil conditions. The name “mollicomum” is derived from the Latin word meaning soft hairs. It is ideal for fragrant gardens, window boxes,hanging baskets or pots.

New fresh seeds Pelargonium scabrum
A pretty pelargonium with strong lemon scented rhomboidal shaped leaves and white flowers.

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New fresh seeds P. hispidum – balsam
New fresh seeds P. odoratissmum-apple
New fresh seeds P. grossularioides- fruit
New fresh seeds P. Betulinum

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